PHI210 Critical Thinking Week 9 _Slowest Horse_Discussion Question_2_Answer

“Persuasion”  Please respond to the following:

Aristotle defines “persuading through personal character” as our belief that a person is unbiased and has nothing to gain by lying to us. 

  • Describe a time when you chose to believe in “the person” giving you some sort of information rather than in the situation which, at least on the surface, appeared to be much different from what the person you trusted was saying to you about the situation.
  • In the end, who did you choose to believe? The trusted person or the “impersonal” situation?
  • If you had to do it over again, which one would you have trusted?

Is it realistic to think that you can apply Aristotle’s test about believing somebody when you have a strong emotional tie to that person?  Can we believe somebody with whom we have an emotional connection even if they have something to gain by lying to us?

Aristotle’s test is that you should believe the person when that person is unbiased and has nothing to gain by lying to us.  If my son told me that he needed $25 dollars for a school book, should I believe him?  Or should I think that he wants to buy a video game?  I of course want to believe him, but he does, after all, having something to gain by lying to me.  So should I give him the $25?

 

PHI210 Critical Thinking Week 8 Persuasion_Discussion Question_1_Answer

“Persuasion”  Please respond to the following:

Aristotle defines “persuading through personal character” as our belief that a person is unbiased and has nothing to gain by lying to us. 

  • Describe a time when you chose to believe in “the person” giving you some sort of information rather than in the situation which, at least on the surface, appeared to be much different from what the person you trusted was saying to you about the situation.
  • In the end, who did you choose to believe? The trusted person or the “impersonal” situation?
  • If you had to do it over again, which one would you have trusted?

Is it realistic to think that you can apply Aristotle’s test about believing somebody when you have a strong emotional tie to that person?  Can we believe somebody with whom we have an emotional connection even if they have something to gain by lying to us?

Aristotle’s test is that you should believe the person when that person is unbiased and has nothing to gain by lying to us.  If my son told me that he needed $25 dollars for a school book, should I believe him?  Or should I think that he wants to buy a video game?  I of course want to believe him, but he does, after all, having something to gain by lying to me.  So should I give him the $25?

 

PHI210 Critical Thinking Week 3 Discussion Question 2_answer

“Generating Writing”  Please respond to the following:

Choose a topic about which you have a strong opinion. Select a method of finding and using your feelings – 1) inspiration method; 2) recollection method; 3) conscious selection method.  Write quickly about your topic for five (5) minutes. This is for your eyes only; no one else will read it. After finishing the writing activity, respond to the following questions:

  • Were you surprised by the quantity of the words and a certain raw eloquence? Explain.
  • Did your strong feelings help you generate any worthwhile thoughts? Explain.
  • Can you keep the words in this form or do you need to refine and revise them for public communication? Explain.
  • What have you learned about your own thinking and writing from this experience?
  • Is there anything you could do to improve the way you start your writing assignments? If so, what? If not, what is working well for you?

PHI210 Critical Thinking Week 3 Discussion Question 1_answer

“Languageless’ Thinking”  Please respond to the following:

Consider the quote by Wittgenstein, “The limits of my language are the limits of my life.”

  • Explain whether it is possible to think without using language.
  • If you believe it is possible, describe how a person might enact “languageless” thinking.
  • If you believe it is not possible, describe what you foresee as the problems with languageless thinking.