MGT 340 Business Systems Analysis week 8 _Final Exam_Complete Answer

Week 8 : Final Exam – Final Exam – Final Exam

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Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) The process of developing and maintaining an information system best describes: (Points : 5)
joint application design.
information systems analysis and design.
information technology infrastructure development.
systems implementation.

Question 2. 2. (TCO 1) When developing information systems, an organization could use: (Points : 5)
an information technology services firm.
open-source software.
cloud computing.
in-house development.
all of the above.

Question 3. 3. (TCO 2) A planned undertaking of related activities to reach an objective that has a beginning and an end best defines: (Points : 5)
task development.
activity plan.
task schedule.
project mission.

Question 4. 4. (TCO 2) Which of the following would be classified as an intangible cost? (Points : 5)
Hardware costs
Labor costs
Employee morale
Operational costs
Internet service setup fee

Question 5. 5. (TCO 2) Which of the following is one of the three primary activities associated with identifying and selecting IS development projects? (Points : 5)
Preliminary investigation of the system problem or opportunity
Identification of potential development projects
Requirements determination
Generate alternative initial designs
Requirements structuring

Question 6. 6. (TCO 2) The Baseline Project Plan: (Points : 5)
contains all information collected and analyzed during project initiation and planning.
specifies detailed project activities for the next life cycle phase, analysis, and less detail for subsequent project phases.
is used by the project selection committee to help decide if the project should be accepted, redirected, or canceled.
reflects the best estimate of the project’s scope, benefits, costs, risks, and resource requirements given the current understanding of the project.
does all of the above.

Question 7. 7. (TCO 3) The reframing characteristic of a good systems analyst is represented by which of the following statements? (Points : 5)
You must challenge yourself to look at the organization in new ways.
Every fact must fit with every other fact.
Assume anything is possible, and eliminate the infeasible.
You should question everything.
Your role is to find the best solution to a business problem.

Question 8. 8. (TCO 3) Drawbacks to prototyping include: (Points : 5)
a tendency to avoid creating formal documentation of systems requirements which can then make the system more difficult to develop into a fully working system.
prototypes becoming very idiosyncratic to the initial user and difficult to diffuse or adapt to other potential users.
prototypes are often built as stand-alone systems.
checks in the SDLC are bypassed so that some more subtle, but still important, system requirements might be forgotten.
all of the above.
Question 9. 9. (TCO 3) Good interview guidelines consist of: (Points : 5)
phrasing the question to illicit the correct response.
typing your notes within two weeks of the interview.
establishing expectation levels about the new system.
seeking a variety of perspectives from the interviews.
using as much time as you need.
Question 10. 10. (TCO 3) Which of the following is a traditional method of collecting systems requirements? (Points : 5)
Business process reengineering
Joint application design
Rapid application development
Question 11. 11. (TCO 4) The diagram that shows the scope of the system, indicating what elements are inside and outside the system, is called a: (Points : 5)
context diagram.
level-2 diagram.
referencing diagram.
representative diagram.
decomposition diagram.
Question 12. 12. (TCO 5) A person, place, object, event, or concept in the user environment about which the organization wishes to maintain data refers to a(n): (Points : 5)
data element.

Question 13. 13. (TCO 6) Shaping alternative system design strategies involves: (Points : 5)
enumerating different potential implementation environments.
proposing different ways to source or acquire the various sets of capabilities for the different implementation environments.
dividing requirements into different sets of capabilities.
all of the above.
none of the above.

Question 14. 14. (TCO 7) Which of the following are general guidelines for displaying tables and lists? (Points : 5)
All columns and rows should have meaningful labels.
Place a blank line between every five rows in long columns.
Use the same family of typefaces within and across displays and reports.
Allow white space on printed reports for the user to write notes.
All of the above are guidelines for displaying tables and lists.

Question 15. 15. (TCO 7) Which of the following is a guideline for displaying text? (Points : 5)
Use double spacing if space permits.
Do not hyphenate words between lines.
Left-justify text and leave a ragged right margin.
Display text in mixed upper and lowercase and use conventional punctuation.
All of the above are guidelines for displaying text.

Question 16. 16. (TCO 7) All of the following are types of file organizations EXCEPT: (Points : 5)

Question 17. 17. (TCO 8) Benefits of the object-oriented modeling approach include: (Points : 5)
the ability to tackle more challenging problem domains.
improved communication among users, analysts, designers, and programmers.
reusability of analysis, design, and programming results.
increased consistency among the models developed during object-oriented analysis, design, and programming.
all of the above.

Question 18. 18. (TCO 8) The Agile Software Development anarchists value: (Points : 5)
contract negotiation over customer collaboration.
processes and tools over individuals and interactions.
following a plan over responding to change.
working software over comprehensive documentation.
joint application development over rapid application design.

Question 19. 19. (TCO 9) System documentation that is part of the program source code or is generated at compile time best defines: (Points : 5)
system documentation.
user documentation.
internal documentation.
external documentation.
embedded documentation.

Question 20. 20. (TCO 9) Changing over from the old information system to a new one by turning off the old system as the new one is turned on best describes: (Points : 5)
phased installation.
single location installation.
parallel installation.
direct installation.
rotation installation.
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Essay Questions
Question 1. 1. (TCO 1) Describe the role of a systems analyst. (Points : 10)
Question 2. 2. (TCO 2) Discuss the six major categories of feasibility. (Points : 10)
Question 3. 3. (TCO 3) Identify and describe the traditional methods for determining requirements. (Points : 10)
Question 4. 4. (TCO 4) What is gap analysis? Why is gap analysis useful? (Points : 10)
Question 5. 5. (TCO 5) Discuss unary, binary, and ternary relationships. (Points : 10)
Question 6. 6. (TCO 6) Judge and select the best source of software for the following scenario: The owner of two pizza parlors located in adjacent towns wants to computerize and integrate sales transactions and inventory management within and between both stores. The point-of-sale component must be very easy to use and flexible enough to accommodate a variety of pricing strategies and coupons. The inventory management, which will be linked to the point-of-sale component, must also be easy to use and fast. The systems at each store need to be linked so that sales and inventory levels can be determined instantly for each store and for both stores combined. The owner can allocate $40,000 for hardware and $20,000 for software and must have the new system operational in three months. Training must be very short and easy. (Points : 10)
Question 7. 7. (TCO 7) Identify and describe validation tests and techniques used to enhance the validity of data input. (Points : 10)
Question 8. 8. (TCO 8) What is meant by Agile Methodologies? Identify the three key principles that the Agile Methodologies share. (Points : 10)
Question 9. 9. (TCO 9) Define system documentation, user documentation, internal documentation, and external documentation. (Points : 10)
Question 10. 10. (TCO 9) Describe four types of maintenance. (Points : 10)