**FIN 330 FINAL EXAM ANSWER**

**The primary goal of a publicly-owned firm interested in serving its stockholders should be to**

a. |
Maximize expected total corporate profit. |

b. |
Maximize expected EPS. |

c. |
Minimize the chances of losses. |

d. |
Maximize the stock price per share. |

e. |
Maximize expected net income. |

**Which of the following actions are likely to reduce agency conflicts between stockholders and managers?**

a. |
Paying managers a large fixed salary. |

b. |
Increasing the threat of corporate takeover. |

c. |
Placing restrictive covenants in debt agreements. |

d. |
All of the statements above are correct. |

e. |
Statements b and c are correct. |

**In recent years, both expected inflation and the market risk premium (k**_{M}– k_{RF}) have declined. Assume that all stocks have positive betas. Which of the following is likely to have occurred as a result of these changes?

a. |
The average required return on the market, k_{M}, has remained constant, but the required returns have fallen for stocks that have betas greater than 1.0. |

b. |
The required returns on all stocks have fallen by the same amount. |

c. |
The required returns on all stocks have fallen, but the decline has been greater for stocks with higher betas. |

d. |
The required returns on all stocks have fallen, but the decline has been greater for stocks with lower betas. |

e. |
The required returns have increased for stocks with betas greater than 1.0 but have declined for stocks with betas less than 1.0. |

**The risk-free rate is 5 percent. Stock A has a beta = 1.0 and Stock B has a beta = 1.4. Stock A has a required return of 11 percent. What is Stock B’s required return?**

a. |
12.4% |

b. |
13.4% |

c. |
14.4% |

d. |
15.4% |

e. |
16.4% |

**Assume that the risk-free rate is 5 percent and that the market risk premium is 7 percent. If a stock has a required rate of return of 13.75 percent, what is its beta?**

a. |
1.25 |

b. |
1.35 |

c. |
1.37 |

d. |
1.60 |

e. |
1.96 |

**You have determined the profitability of a planned project by finding the present value of all the cash flows from that project. Which of the following would cause the project to look more appealing in terms of the present value of those cash flows?**

a. |
The discount rate decreases. |

b. |
The cash flows are extended over a longer period of time, but the total amount of the cash flows remains the same. |

c. |
The discount rate increases. |

d. |
Statements b and c are correct. |

e. |
Statements a and b are correct. |

**Your family recently obtained a 30-year (360-month) $100,000 fixed-rate mortgage. Which of the following statements is most correct? (Ignore all taxes and transactions costs.)**

a. |
The remaining balance after three years will be $100,000 less the total amount of interest paid during the first 36 months. |

b. |
The proportion of the monthly payment that goes towards repayment of principal will be higher 10 years from now than it will be this year. |

c. |
The monthly payment on the mortgage will steadily decline over time. |

d. |
All of the statements above are correct. |

e. |
None of the statements above is correct. |

**What is the present value of a 5-year ordinary annuity with annual payments of $200, evaluated at a 15 percent interest rate?**

a. |
$ 670.43 |

b. |
$ 842.91 |

c. |
$1,169.56 |

d. |
$1,348.48 |

e. |
$1,522.64 |

**You are considering buying a new car. The sticker price is $15,000 and you have $2,000 to put toward a down payment. If you can negotiate a nominal annual interest rate of 10 percent and you wish to pay for the car over a 5-year period, what are your monthly car payments?**

a. |
$216.67 |

b. |
$252.34 |

c. |
$276.21 |

d. |
$285.78 |

e. |
$318.71 |

**You just bought a house and have a $150,000 mortgage. The mortgage is for 30 years and has a nominal rate of 8 percent (compounded monthly). After 36 payments (3 years) what will be the remaining balance on your mortgage?**

a. |
$110,376.71 |

b. |
$124,565.82 |

c. |
$144,953.86 |

d. |
$145,920.12 |

e. |
$148,746.95 |

**If markets are in equilibrium, which of the following will occur:**

a. |
Each investment’s expected return should equal its realized return. |

b. |
Each investment’s expected return should equal its required return. |

c. |
Each investment should have the same expected return. |

d. |
Each investment should have the same realized return. |

e. |
All of the statements above are correct. |

**Johnston Corporation is growing at a constant rate of 6 percent per year. It has both common stock and non-participating preferred stock outstanding. The cost of preferred stock (k**_{p}) is 8 percent. The par value of the preferred stock is $120, and the stock has a stated dividend of 10 percent of par. What is the market value of the preferred stock?

a. |
$125 |

b. |
$120 |

c. |
$175 |

d. |
$150 |

e. |
$200 |

**A share of common stock has just paid a dividend of $2.00. If the expected long-run growth rate for this stock is 15 percent, and if investors require a 19 percent rate of return, what is the price of the stock?**

a. |
$57.50 |

b. |
$62.25 |

c. |
$71.86 |

d. |
$64.00 |

e. |
$44.92 |

**Cartwright Brothers’ stock is currently selling for $40 a share. The stock is expected to pay a $2 dividend at the end of the year. The stock’s dividend is expected to grow at a constant rate of 7 percent a year forever. The risk-free rate (k**_{RF}) is 6 percent and the market risk premium (k_{M}– k_{RF}) is also 6 percent. What is the stock’s beta?

a. |
1.06 |

b. |
1.00 |

c. |
2.00 |

d. |
0.83 |

e. |
1.08 |

**A project has an up-front cost of $100,000. The project’s WACC is 12 percent and its net present value is $10,000. Which of the following statements is most correct?**

a. |
The project should be rejected since its return is less than the WACC. |

b. |
The project’s internal rate of return is greater than 12 percent. |

c. |
The project’s modified internal rate of return is less than 12 percent. |

d. |
All of the statements above are correct. |

e. |
None of the statements above is correct. |

**The Seattle Corporation has been presented with an investment opportunity that will yield cash flows of $30,000 per year in Years 1 through 4, $35,000 per year in Years 5 through 9, and $40,000 in Year 10. This investment will cost the firm $150,000 today, and the firm’s cost of capital is 10 percent. Assume cash flows occur evenly during the year, 1/365th each day. What is the payback period for this investment?**

a. |
5.23 years |

b. |
4.86 years |

c. |
4.00 years |

d. |
6.12 years |

e. |
4.35 years |

**Braun Industries is considering an investment project that has the following cash flows:**

Year |
Cash Flow |

0 |
-$1,000 |

1 |
400 |

2 |
300 |

3 |
500 |

4 |
400 |

**The company’s WACC is 10 percent. What is the project’s payback, internal rate of return (IRR), and net present value (NPV)?**

a. |
Payback = 2.4, IRR = 10.00%, NPV = $600. |

b. |
Payback = 2.4, IRR = 21.22%, NPV = $260. |

c. |
Payback = 2.6, IRR = 21.22%, NPV = $300. |

d. |
Payback = 2.6, IRR = 21.22%, NPV = $260. |

e. |
Payback = 2.6, IRR = 24.12%, NPV = $300. |

**A project has the following net cash flows:**

Year |
Project Cash Flow |

0 |
-$ X |

1 |
150 |

2 |
200 |

3 |
250 |

4 |
400 |

5 |
100 |

**At the project’s WACC of 10 percent, the project has an NPV of $124.78. What is the project’s internal rate of return?**

a. |
10.00% |

b. |
12.62% |

c. |
13.49% |

d. |
15.62% |

e. |
16.38% |

**A decrease in the debt ratio will generally have no effect on __________.**

a. |
Financial risk. |

b. |
Total risk. |

c. |
Business risk. |

d. |
Market risk. |

e. |
None of the above is correct. (It will affect each type of risk above.) |

**From the information below, select the optimal capital structure for Minnow Entertainment Company.**

a. |
Debt = 40%; Equity = 60%; EPS = $2.95; Stock price = $26.50. |

b. |
Debt = 50%; Equity = 50%; EPS = $3.05; Stock price = $28.90. |

c. |
Debt = 60%; Equity = 40%; EPS = $3.18; Stock price = $31.20. |

d. |
Debt = 80%; Equity = 20%; EPS = $3.42; Stock price = $30.40. |

e. |
Debt = 70%; Equity = 30%; EPS = $3.31; Stock price = $30.00. |

**Which of the following statements best describes the optimal capital structure?**

a. |
The optimal capital structure is the mix of debt, equity, and preferred stock that maximizes the company’s earnings per share (EPS). |

b. |
The optimal capital structure is the mix of debt, equity, and preferred stock that maximizes the company’s stock price. |

c. |
The optimal capital structure is the mix of debt, equity, and preferred stock that minimizes the company’s weighted average cost of capital (WACC). |

d. |
Statements a and b are correct. |

e. |
Statements b and c are correct. |

**Which of the following factors is likely to encourage a corporation to increase the proportion of debt in its capital structure?**

a. |
An increase in the corporate tax rate. |

b. |
An increase in the personal tax rate. |

c. |
An increase in the company’s degree of operating leverage. |

d. |
The company’s assets become less liquid. |

e. |
An increase in expected bankruptcy costs. |

**The Price Company will produce 55,000 widgets next year. Variable costs will equal 40 percent of sales, while fixed costs will total $110,000. At what price must each widget be sold for the company to achieve an EBIT of $95,000?**

a. |
$2.00 |

b. |
$4.45 |

c. |
$5.00 |

d. |
$5.37 |

e. |
$6.21 |

**Texas Products Inc. has a division that makes burlap bags for the citrus industry. The division has fixed costs of $10,000 per month, and it expects to sell 42,000 bags per month. If the variable cost per bag is $2.00, what price must the division charge in order to break even?**

a. |
$2.24 |

b. |
$2.47 |

c. |
$2.82 |

d. |
$3.15 |

e. |
$2.00 |

**Which of the following statements best describes the theories of investors’ preferences for dividends?**

a. |
Modigliani and Miller argue that investors prefer dividends to capital gains. |

b. |
The bird-in-hand theory suggests that a company can reduce its cost of equity capital by reducing its dividend payout ratio. |

c. |
The tax preference theory suggests that a company can increase its stock price by increasing its dividend payout ratio. |

d. |
One key advantage of a residual dividend policy is that it enables a company to follow a stable dividend policy. |

e. |
The clientele effect suggests that companies should follow a stable dividend policy. |

**Trenton Publishing follows a strict residual dividend policy. All else being equal, which of the following factors are likely to cause an increase in the firm’s per-share dividend?**

a. |
An increase in its net income. |

b. |
The company increases the proportion of equity financing in its target capital structure. |

c. |
An increase in the number of profitable projects that it wants to fund this year. |

d. |
Statements a and b are correct. |

e. |
All of the statements above are correct. |

**Albany Motors recently completed a 3-for-1 stock split. Prior to the split, the company had 10 million shares outstanding and its stock price was $150 per share. After the split, the total market value of the company’s stock equaled $1.5 billion. What was the price of the company’s stock following the stock split?**

a. |
$ 15 |

b. |
$ 45 |

c. |
$ 50 |

d. |
$150 |

e. |
$450 |

**Tarheel Computing’s stock was trading at $150 per share before its recent 3-for-1 stock split. The 3-for-1 split led to a 5 percent increase in Tarheel’s market capitalization. (Market capitalization equals the stock price times the number of shares.) What was Tarheel’s price after the stock split?**

a. |
$472.50 |

b. |
$ 50.00 |

c. |
$ 47.62 |

d. |
$428.57 |

e. |
$ 52.50 |

**Brock Brothers wants to maintain its capital structure that consists of 30 percent debt and 70 percent equity. The company forecasts that its net income this year will be $1,000,000. The company follows a residual dividend policy and anticipates a dividend payout ratio of 40 percent. What is the size of the company’s capital budget?**

a. |
$ 600,000 |

b. |
$ 857,143 |

c. |
$1,000,000 |

d. |
$1,428,571 |

e. |
$2,000,000 |

**Makeover Inc. believes that at its current stock price of $16.00 the firm is undervalued in the market. Makeover plans to repurchase 2.4 million of its 20 million shares outstanding. The firm’s managers expect that they can repurchase the entire 2.4 million shares at the expected equilibrium price after repurchase. The firm’s current earnings are $44 million. If management’s assumptions hold, what is the expected per-share market price after repurchase?**

a. |
$16.00 |

b. |
$17.26 |

c. |
$18.18 |

d. |
$20.00 |

e. |
$24.40 |

**Which of the following are reasons why companies move into international operations?**

a. |
To take advantage of lower production costs in regions of inexpensive labor. |

b. |
To develop new markets for their finished products. |

c. |
To better serve their primary customers. |

d. |
Because important raw materials are located abroad. |

e. |
All of the statements above are correct. |

**Multinational financial management requires that**

a. |
The effects of changing currency values be included in financial analyses. |

b. |
Legal and economic differences be considered in financial decisions. |

c. |
Political risk be excluded from multinational corporate financial analyses. |

d. |
Statements a and b are correct. |

e. |
All of the statements above are correct. |

**If one Swiss franc can purchase $0.71 U.S. dollar, how many Swiss francs can one U.S. dollar buy?**

a. |
0.71 |

b. |
1.41 |

c. |
1.00 |

d. |
2.81 |

e. |
0.50 |

**Currently, in the spot market $1 = 106.45 Japanese yen, 1 Japanese yen = 0.00966 euro, and 1 euro = 9.0606 Mexican pesos. What is the exchange rate between the U.S. dollar and the Mexican peso?**

a. |
$1.00 = 2,222 Mexican pesos |

b. |
$1.00 = 9.3171 Mexican pesos |

c. |
$1.00 = 0.0556 Mexican peso |

d. |
$1.00 = 0.1073 Mexican peso |

e. |
$1.00 = 152.6 Mexican pesos |

**A textbook sells for $75 in the U.S. market. Exchange rates are such that 1 British pound (£) equals $1.58 U.S. dollars. Assume that purchasing power parity holds, what should the textbook sell for in Britain?**

a. |
£ 47.47 |

b. |
£ 75.00 |

c. |
£118.50 |

d. |
$ 47.47 U.S. |

e. |
£ 61.24 |

**In the spot market, 1 U.S. dollar equals 1.035 euros. 6-month German securities have an annualized return of 6 percent (and therefore have a 6-month periodic return equal to 3 percent). 6-month U.S. securities have an annualized return of 6.5 percent and a periodic return of 3.25 percent. If interest rate parity holds, what is the dollar to euro exchange rate in the 180-day forward market?**

a. |
$1 U.S. = 0.9685 euro |

b. |
$1 U.S. = 0.9593 euro |

c. |
$1 U.S. = 1.0000 euro |

d. |
$1 U.S. = 1.0325 euros |

e. |
$1 U.S. = 1.0475 euros |