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The manager of Sensible Essentials conducted an excellent seminar explaining debt and equity financing Answer

Assignment 2: Cost of Debt and Equity

 The manager of Sensible Essentials conducted an excellent seminar explaining debt and equity financing and how firms should analyze their cost of capital. Nevertheless, the guidelines failed to fully demonstrate the essence of the cost of debt and equity, which is the required rate of return expected by suppliers of funds.

 You are the Genesis accountant and have taken a class recently in financing. You agree to prepare a PowerPoint presentation of approximately 6–8 minutes using the examples and information below:

 Debt: Jones Industries borrows $600,000 for 10 years with an annual payment of $100,000. What is the expected interest rate (cost of debt)?

 Internal common stock: Jones Industries has a beta of 1.39. The risk-free rate as measured by the rate on short-term US Treasury bill is 3 percent, and the expected return on the overall market is 12 percent. Determine the expected rate of return on Jones’s stock (cost of equity). Here are the details:

 Jones Total Assets

 $2,000,000

 Long- & short-term debt $600,000

 Common internal stock equity $400,000

 New common stock equity $1,000,000

 Total liabilities & equity $2,000,000

 Develop a 10–12-slide presentation in PowerPoint format. Perform your calculations in an Excel spreadsheet. Cut and paste the calculation into your presentation. Include speaker’s notes to explain each point in detail. Apply APA standards to citation of sources.

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You are a newly promoted supervisor for Playing with God, a company that makes computer games for a Christian bookstore Answer

Larry Podder or Harry Potter?

You are a newly promoted supervisor for Playing with God, a company that makes computer games for a Christian bookstore. One of the directors on the corporate board is Jon Bakker, a long lost nephew of TV evangelists Jim and Tammy Faye. Jon’s son, Larry Bakker, is a member of your department. He writes the story lines that go into the different games. He has very little computer expertise, but he does have a creative writing degree and writes really great Bible-based game stories. One of his games has won an award in the Christian Video Game arena.

This morning you are served with a lawsuit from Nintendo. It alleges that your last game, Praying with Larry Podder, violates their exclusive right to market games under the Harry Potter label. You are incensed. Larry Podder was the invention of Larry Bakker and was actually a story he made up about himself, drawing on his own childhood experiences. At least, that is what he told you. You personally know that the aunt in the game looks just like Tammy Faye.

To make matters worse, you receive a phone call from your boss that Warner Brothers is preparing a lawsuit, unless you agree right now to pull Praying with Larry Podder from shelves and send them all the profits from the game, to date. Praying was your number one seller this year and could move your company into the first place rankings for christian video games. Your boss, a company vice president, demands to know if the story line is even remotely like Harry Potter. You are horrified to admit you have no idea, having neither played the game nor having read Harry Potter. 

As if this wasn’t bad enough, your boss states, “And why do you suppose Warner Brothers mentioned the Napster case in the call? We’re not hosting file sharing in that game are we?” You are suddenly stricken as you remember that one of the really cool things about the game is that players can go online and share prayers, sheet music for hymns, and Christian music CDs in MP3 format. That was one of the best parts of the game. The vice president states, “The Warner Bros. exec said that his daughter just bought the game and called it the Christian Napster. Furthermore, I have a message from J. K. Rowling’s attorney I have to return next. You better have an answer for this!” He hangs up.

You’re not a lawyer, but you did hear about Napster. It’s time to do some research. You need to call in Larry and find out about this video game.

  1. What things do you need to find out from him?
  2. If you are allowing file sharing on this game, does this open you up to liability for violation of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act?
  3. If it is true that the game is about Larry Bakker’s life and not Harry Potter’s, what will you need to prove to defend against this lawsuit?
  4. Will being a Christian organization protect you from this lawsuit under the First Amendment? Is it analogous to parody?

Pick one of the above and respond to it, or respond to a classmate’s response. More questions and deeper movement to follow!

 

  1. What things do you need to find out from Larry?
  2. If you are allowing file sharing on this game, does this open you up to liability for violation of the The Digital Millennium Copyright Act?
  3. If it is true that the game is about Larry Bakker’s life and not Harry Potter’s, what will you need to prove to defend against this lawsuit?

 

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Case 6: Midwestern Contemporary Art You are Peggy Fischer. You want to collect the $5 million pledge from Answer

After reading the Case 6: Midwestern Contemporary Art, prepare your case analysis based on the following scenario.

You are Peggy Fischer. You want to collect the $5 million pledge from ***** *****, and previous calls have gone unanswered. Your board wants to sue, but you would like to try some tactics to pressure the Smiths instead of going through with the lawsuit. You put together the following worksheet to help you plan out your influence tactics.

You can make the following assumptions in preparing this worksheet: a) you are able to reach and communicate with the Smiths, b) you are focusing on what to do now rather than what you could have done to avoid the situation, and c) if the MCA board decides to sue, it will be personally embarrassing to you, with a very public acknowledgment that you could not avoid the scandal of a lawsuit.

What were the goals of an original negotiation?

What was your original BATNA? What was its value?

What are your interests (as opposed to your position)?

What are some options for mutual gain?

Identify influence tactics: which ones could you use on the Smiths?

What power bases do you (as Peggy Fischer) have in regards ***** ***** of the Smiths? Explain.

How might you (again as Peggy Fischer) draw on your personal network to influence each of the Smiths? Explain.

Paper must be 4-6 pages.

 

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Logical I/O provides a general purpose record I/O capability and maintains basic data about files Answer

Logical I/O provides a general purpose record I/O capability and maintains basic data about files.  Searching the Web (Microsoft Web site) describe the I/O operations in Microsoft Windows 7.

 Logical I/O is an I/O which enables its users and applications to access records. It provides a general purpose record I/O capability and also maintains basic data about the files. It is a very efficient I/O to maintain data about files. Its access method is the closest to the user and reflects different file structures. It provides a standard interface between applications and the file systems and the devices which hold the data. There are various kinds of access methods vary depending on the way to access and process data for the device.

It is a well structured I/O and The file organisation and access has file directories, file sharing, record blocking secondary storage management, file system security, Unix file management, Linux virtual file system and windows file system .There are various types of file organisation. Some are discussed in brief below:

Pile: In this type, there is no particular structure, and the data is collected in the order it arrives. He main purpose is to accumulate a mass of data and then save it. The record access is by exhaustive search and the records may have different fields as well.

Sequential file: In this type of file organisation, certain fixed formats are used for records which are of the same length. All fields are the same and field names and lengths are the attributes of the file. The records are stored in key sequence and it uniquely identifies the record.

 Indexed Sequential File: This maintains the key characteristic of the sequential file wherein the records are organized in sequence based on a key field. It has an index to the file to support random access and has an over flow file.

Indexed File: It uses multiple indexes for different key fields. It may contain an exhaustive index that contains one entry for every record in the main file. It may contain a partial index. When a new record is added to the main file, all of the index files must be updated.

Direct or hashed file: This directly accesses a block at a known address. Key field is required for each record.

File management refers to the logical structure of records. It is determined by the way in which files are accessed. There are various criteria for while organisation some of which are mentioned below:

  • Short access time
  • Ease of update
  • Economy of storage
  • Simple maintenance
  • Reliability

The priority shall differ depending on the usage and some may even conflict with each other. As can be seen, logical I/O is very efficient in file organization and management. It maintains a clear file record and access system which facilitates its users.

Windows 7 offer two modes of I/O operations:

Asynchronous: This is more efficient in terms of calling thread, as it allows the thread to continue execution while the I/O operation is lined up by the I/O manager and then it is subsequently performed. However, the application which invoked this operation needs some way to determine when the operation is complete. This mode is particularly used whenever possible to optimize application performance. In this, an application initiates an I/O operation and then can continue processing while the I/O request is fulfilled.

 Synchronous: In this I/O, the application is blocked until the I/O operation completes and this way it is different from the asynchronous I/O.

Windows provides the following four different techniques for signalling I/O completion:

1) Signalling a device kernel object

2) Signalling an event kernel object,

3) Alterable I/O and

4) I/O completion ports.

Also, in Windows 7, a reflector creates the following 3 types of the device objects:

  • Up device object— this is at top of the kernel mode stack made for device & thus is the reflector’s target for IRPs from the I/O manager. When an IRP arrives, the reflector uses interposes communications to forward it to the User Mode Driver host process, in which the framework and driver run. UMDF interprets the request and calls methods in the driver’s event call-back interfaces to handle it. The reflector creates an up device object for each device stack in which it participates.
  • Down device object—this is the reflector’s target for I/O requests that originate in the User Mode Driver and is therefore the default I/O target for the bottom driver in the user mode device stack. A User Mode Driver might issue an I/O request to perform a device I/O control operation on its own device or to retrieve data from another device to complete one of its own requests. The reflector creates a down device object for each stack in which it participates.
  • Control device object—this manages I/O requests to and from the driver manager, which are not part of the normal I/O flow to the driver. Instead, the control device object enables “sideband” I/O between the reflector and the driver manager, which is independent of the normal flow of I/O, power management, and Plug and Play requests. The reflector creates only one control device object per system.

 

References:

William Stallings. Operating systems: Internals and Design Principles, 6/E,: File Management

The windows operating systems: William Stallings

Microsoft website: Technical details about Windows 7.